Summary of the South African Bill of Rights: This is actually interesting and worth a read!
- · Equality: You cannot be discriminated against. But affirmative action and fair discrimination are
- · Human Dignity: Your dignity must be respected and protected.
- · Life: You have the right to life.
- · Freedom and security of the person: You cannot be detained without trial, tortured or punished
cruelly. Domestic violence is not allowed.
- · Slavery, servitude and forced labour: Slavery and forced labour are not allowed.
- · Privacy: You cannot be searched or have your home or possessions searched.
- · Freedom of religion, belief and opinion: You can believe and think whatever you want and can
follow the religion of your choice.
- · Freedom of expression: All people (including the press) can say whatever they want.
- · Assembly, demonstration, picket and petition: You can hold a demonstration, picket and
present a petition. But you must do this peacefully.
- · Freedom of association: You can associate with whomever you want to.
- · Political rights: You can support the political party of your choice. If you are a citizen, and at least
18 years old, you can vote.
- · Citizenship: Your citizenship cannot be taken away from you.
- · Freedom of movement and residence: You can go and live anywhere in South Africa.
- · Freedom of trade, occupation and profession: You can do whatever work you choose.
- · Labour relations: You may join trade unions and go on strike.
- · Environment: You have the right to a healthy environment.
- · Property: Your property can only be taken away from you if the proper rules are followed.
- · Housing: The government must make sure people get access to proper housing.
- · Health care, food, water and social security: The government must make sure you have access
to food and water; health care and social security.
- · Children: Children under the age of 18 have special rights, like the right not to be abused.
- · Education: You have the right to basic education, including adult basic education, in your own
language (if this is possible).
- · Language and culture: You can use the language you want to and follow the culture that you
- · Cultural, religious and linguistic communities: Communities can enjoy their own culture;
practice their own religion; and use their own language.
- · Access to information: You have the right to any information, which the government has.
- · Just administrative action: Actions by the government must be fair.
- · Access to courts: You can have a legal problem decided by a court, or a similar structure.
- · Arrested, detained and accused persons: This right protects people who have been arrested,
imprisoned or accused.
- · NOTE: All these rights can be limited if it would be fair to do so